Metamemory, defined as knowing about memory and mnemonic strategies, is an especially important form of metacognition. Some evolutionary psychologists hypothesize that humans use metacognition as a survival tool, which would make metacognition the higher english creative essay examples across cultures.
This higher-level cognition was given the label metacognition by American developmental psychologist John H. The term metacognition literally means ‘beyond cognition’, and is used to indicate cognition about cognition, or more informally, thinking about thinking. Flavell defined metacognition as knowledge about cognition and control of cognition. For example, a person is engaging in metacognition if he notices that he is having more trouble learning A than B, or if it strikes him that he should double-check C before accepting it as fact.
Metacognition also involves thinking about one’s own thinking process such as study skills, memory capabilities, and the ability to monitor learning. This concept needs to be explicitly taught along with content instruction. Metacognitive knowledge is about one’s own cognitive processes and the understanding of how to regulate those processes to maximize learning. It is notable that not all metacognition is accurate. Studies have shown that students often mistake lack of effort with understanding in evaluating themselves and their overall knowledge of a concept.