Dear Twitpic Community – thank you for all the wonderful photos you have soil conservation essay writings over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Edmund Ruffin photo at Fort Sumter, SC IMG 4532. Virginia planter and slaveholder, who in the 1850s was a political activist with the so-called Fire-Eaters.
Early in his career, he studied bogs and swamps to learn how to correct soil acidity. Ruffin also wrote books on slavery and the economy of the South, as well as a comparison between conditions of slave labor and those of free labor in the North. In the last three decades before the Civil War, his pro-slavery writings received more attention than his agricultural work. Ruffin was born on January 5, 1794, at Evergreen Plantation just east of Hopewell in Prince George County, Virginia.
In his twenties, Ruffin began experimenting with using marl to rejuvenate the soil on his land that had been worn out by more than a century of tobacco monoculture. He became one of a circle of intellectuals who worked for reformation of various aspects of the South. For a time in the 1840s, Ruffin was editor of the Farmers Register. He did serious studies of the possibility of using lime to raise pH in peat soils. During the pre-war years, Ruffin also studied the origin of bogs and published several detailed descriptions of the Dismal and Blackwater swamps in Virginia. Ruffin was a strong supporter of slavery and the Southern way of life.